Special Issue "The Independent and Joint Roles of Sleep and Chrono-Nutrition in Cardiometabolic Risk"

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Nour Makarem
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
Interests: sleep; circadian rhythms; chrono-nutrition; cardiometabolic risk; cardiovascular disease; cardiovascular health; women’s health; ethnic disparities
Dr. Faris Zuraikat
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY 10032, USA
Interests: sleep behaviors; chronotype; shift work; eating behaviors; energy intake; diet quality; obesity

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Sleep is a key determinant of cardiometabolic health. Poor sleep has been linked to heightened risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and inflammation. In contrast, positive sleep behaviors are associated with the preservation of cardiovascular health, as defined by the American Heart Association’s Life’s Simple 7. Therefore, healthy sleep may play an important role in the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease, which is the leading cause of death globally. However, sleep health is not currently included in formal lifestyle guidelines for cardiovascular disease prevention. In addition, sleep health disparities, which stem from social and structural-level factors, likely contribute to the cardiovascular health disparities at the population level.

Closely related to sleep health is chrono-nutrition, which refers to the timing and regularity of dietary patterns in the 24-h day and across days, that is, the alignment of eating patterns with our endogenous circadian rhythms. While most research on diet has focused on “what” and “how much” we eat, “when” we eat may also have important health consequences. However, the influence of eating pattern timing and variability on cardiometabolic risk factors and cardiovascular disease risk is in the nascent stages of characterization.

This Special Issue of the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (IJERPH) will feature research on the associations between sleep, diet, and cardiometabolic risk. Topics of particular interest are multi-dimensional sleep health (sleep duration, quality, and regularity and sleep disorders) and chrono-nutrition (eating pattern timing and variability) in relation to cardiometabolic outcomes (blood pressure, glycemic regulation, adiposity, and inflammation) and cardiovascular disease risk. Studies that examine the bidirectional relation between sleep and diet as well as papers dealing with new approaches and methods to evaluate sleep health and chrono-nutrition are also welcome. Manuscripts that examine the contribution of sleep, chrono-nutrition, or the interplay of sleep and diet to cardiovascular health disparities are encouraged. Submissions of original research, narrative and systematic reviews, and meta-analyses will be included.

Dr. Nour Makarem
Dr. Faris Zuraikat
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.


  • sleep health
  • sleep behaviors
  • circadian rhythms
  • chrono-nutrition
  • meal timing
  • eating patterns
  • obesity
  • cardiometabolic risk
  • cardiovascular disease
  • health equity

Published Papers

This special issue is now open for submission.
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