Special Issue "New and Re-emerging Pathogens"
A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2021).
Interests: disinfection and sterilization techniques; hospital hygiene; hospital-acquired infection (HAI); antimicrobial resistance; waterborne-pathogens; medical-device reprocessing
New and re-emerging pathogens pose several challenges for diagnosis, treatment, and public health surveillance. The recent appearance of highly pathogenic zoonotic diseases, caused first by SARS-CoV and MERS-Cov and now by SARS-COV2, has highlighted the need to put in place mechanisms to identify the source of the infection and control procedures to stop the chain of infection. The zoonotic spillover represents a global public health burden, which while associated with multiple outbreaks, remains a poorly understood phenomenon. Molecular assays have become an essential diagnostic tool for the sensitive and specific detection of new pathogens. The ability of these viruses to be transmitted both by air and by the fecal–oral route opens new investigation scenarios to assess the resistance and permanence in the various environmental matrices and to define the most effective disinfection methods to be adopted. In airborne transmission, for example, the evaluation of new coating strategies with antimicrobial substances on the surface of facemasks could improve the safety of these devices, striving to integrate elements of biocompatibility and biosustainability.
The re-emergence of waterborne pathogens has been associated with the use of new technologies for the diagnosis and treatment of patients. The introduction of systematic errors due to the incorrect adoption of disinfection and maintenance procedures of complex medical devices can cause debilitating or even fatal infections in patients. As reported in cardiothoracic surgery, invasive Mycobacterium chimaera infections have been associated with the use of water in cardiopulmonary bypass heater-cooler units and biofilm formation which is difficult to eradicate.
This Special Issue welcomes articles from the entire field of environmental hygiene, with the aim of fostering understanding of the causes of the appearance, persistence, and spread of new and re-emerging pathogens, and also to promote the development or the improvement of disinfection and sterilization protocols to be applied in infection control practices.
Prof. Beatrice Casini
Dr. Benedetta Tuvo
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- zoonotic diseases
- environmental survival and diffusion
- disinfection techniques, antimicrobial surface coatings
- re-emerging waterborne pathogens
- infection risks associated with new technologies
- hospital-acquired infection