Special Issue "The Challenge of Exercise and Lifestyle Modification in the Management of Chronic Conditions"

A special issue of International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health (ISSN 1660-4601). This special issue belongs to the section "Health Behavior, Chronic Disease and Health Promotion".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Borja Sañudo
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Department of Physical Education and Sports, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Universidad de Sevilla, 41013 Seville, Spain
Interests: new technologies; fitness; rehabilitation; clinical populations; exercise; active aging
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Dr. David Jiménez-Pavón
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
MOVE-IT Research Group, Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Education Sciences, University of Cádiz, 11519 Cádiz, Spain
Interests: exercise physiology; exercise interventions; physical activity; fitness; physical and mental health; aging; brain health and OMICs
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. John Saxton
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Northumbria, Newcastle NE1 8ST, UK
Interests: cancer; clinical populations; physical activity; exercise

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Evidence suggests that cardiovascular disease, cancer, and all-cause mortality, are all significantly lower in individuals who meet international physical activity (PA) guidelines. Moreover, the age-related declines in functional capacity, quality of life, and increased risk of morbidity, disability, and mortality may be delayed by the adoption of more physically active lifestyles. However, it was reported that 31% of the world's population are not meeting recommended levels of physical activity, increasing exponentially the risk for overweight, obesity, non-communicable diseases, and chronic conditions. An emerging area requiring further research is the influence sedentary behavior exerts on health in these clinical conditions, independent of physical activity. This Special Issue will provide a practical, evidence-based vision of how to address physical inactivity, and further demonstrate the relationships between health outcomes and habitual physical activity, especially focusing on physical activity for the promotion of health in different populations, including clinical conditions, pregnant women or older adults. The findings will allow clinicians and public health practitioners to provide advice about increasing the total amount of excising time by demonstrating that such advice can be effective.

Prof. Dr. Borja Sañudo
Dr. David Jiménez Pavón
Prof. Dr. John Saxton
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2300 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Physical activity
  • Sedentary behavior
  • Exercise
  • Habits
  • Health promotion
  • Nutrition
  • Healthy ageing
  • Wearable technology

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Article
‘All We Have to Decide Is What to Do with the Time That Is Given to Us’ a Photovoice Study on Physical Activity in Nursing Homes
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(10), 5481; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18105481 - 20 May 2021
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Abstract
(1) Background: Despite high prevalence of physical inactivity and sedentariness among nursing home residents, research on the influence of environments on this topic remains scarce. This Photovoice study explores how structural and social environments relate to residents’ everyday physical activity (PA). (2) Methods: [...] Read more.
(1) Background: Despite high prevalence of physical inactivity and sedentariness among nursing home residents, research on the influence of environments on this topic remains scarce. This Photovoice study explores how structural and social environments relate to residents’ everyday physical activity (PA). (2) Methods: 27 residents, staff, and significant others conducted Photovoice in eight nursing homes in Germany to document factors facilitating or hindering PA. Photographs were discussed with the participants in eight focus groups and analysed using thematic analysis. (3) Results: 169 photographs (between 8 and 42per home) were categorized into three thematic groups: (1) ‘architectural challenges for PA promotion in nursing homes’; (2) ‘opportunities and limitations of using daily work equipment for PA promotion’; (3) ‘social incentives for PA promotion’. Photographs’ foci in the homes differed considerably between participant groups. Staff primarily chose environmental constructions and aids that they perceived to enable residents’ PA. Residents were more likely to express affections and emotions that would encourage them to be active. (4) Conclusions: PA promotion research in this setting should be sensitive to diverse perceptions of different stakeholder groups and existing power imbalances. Interventions are needed that integrate residents’ needs and train staff on how to consider residents’ perspectives. Full article
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Article
A Pandemic within the Pandemic? Physical Activity Levels Substantially Decreased in Countries Affected by COVID-19
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(5), 2235; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18052235 - 24 Feb 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 3598
Abstract
Governments have restricted public life during the COVID-19 pandemic, inter alia closing sports facilities and gyms. As regular exercise is essential for health, this study examined the effect of pandemic-related confinements on physical activity (PA) levels. A multinational survey was performed in 14 [...] Read more.
Governments have restricted public life during the COVID-19 pandemic, inter alia closing sports facilities and gyms. As regular exercise is essential for health, this study examined the effect of pandemic-related confinements on physical activity (PA) levels. A multinational survey was performed in 14 countries. Times spent in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) as well as in vigorous physical activity only (VPA) were assessed using the Nordic Physical Activity Questionnaire (short form). Data were obtained for leisure and occupational PA pre- and during restrictions. Compliance with PA guidelines was calculated based on the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). In total, n = 13,503 respondents (39 ± 15 years, 59% females) were surveyed. Compared to pre-restrictions, overall self-reported PA declined by 41% (MVPA) and 42.2% (VPA). Reductions were higher for occupational vs. leisure time, young and old vs. middle-aged persons, previously more active vs. less active individuals, but similar between men and women. Compared to pre-pandemic, compliance with WHO guidelines decreased from 80.9% (95% CI: 80.3–81.7) to 62.5% (95% CI: 61.6–63.3). Results suggest PA levels have substantially decreased globally during the COVID-19 pandemic. Key stakeholders should consider strategies to mitigate loss in PA in order to preserve health during the pandemic. Full article
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Study Protocol
A Multimodal Intervention for Prevention of Overweight and Obesity in Schoolchildren. A Protocol Study “PREVIENE-CÁDIZ”
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 1622; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18041622 - 08 Feb 2021
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Abstract
This paper describes the protocol for a study designed to address the high prevalence (40%) of childhood overweight and obesity in the province of Cádiz, Spain, as a reflection of what is happening worldwide. It is widely known that children who suffer from [...] Read more.
This paper describes the protocol for a study designed to address the high prevalence (40%) of childhood overweight and obesity in the province of Cádiz, Spain, as a reflection of what is happening worldwide. It is widely known that children who suffer from childhood obesity have a higher risk of developing chronic diseases in adulthood. This causes a decrease in the quality of life and an increase in health spending. In this context, it is necessary to intervene promoting healthy lifestyle habits from an early stage. The objective of this project will be to evaluate the effectiveness of a multimodal intervention (individual, school and family) called “PREVIENE-CÁDIZ” [CADIZ-PREVENT]. The intervention will be focused mainly on diet, physical activity, sedentary lifestyle and sleep, to prevent overweight and obesity in schoolchildren from 8 to 9 years old in the province of Cádiz. It will consist of a 10-session education program carried out in the classroom by the teachers. In addition, children will be assigned two workbooks, one to work on in class and the other at home with parents. A workshop aimed at parents will be included to help teach them how to obtain healthier lifestyle habits. The proposed study will involve a quasi-experimental design with a control group. Full article
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