Special Issue "Sustainability in Fruit Production and Core Collections with Special Regards to Climate Change"

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Air, Climate Change and Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Géza Bujdosó
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
NARIC Research Institute for Fruit Growing and Ornamentals, 1223 Budapest, Hungary
Interests: shell fruit species; persian walnut; walnut phenology; walnut genetics; walnut breeding; nut quality; sweet cherry growing; cherry rootstocks; rootstock-scion interactions; fruit quality
Dr. Klara Cseke
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Forest Research Institute, University of Sopron, Várkerület 30/A, 9600 Sárvár, Hungary
Interests: DNA fingerprinting; tree genetics; plant breeding; forest genetics
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Climate change has complex effects on the fruit industry, because orchards are long-term investments that are located outside under special site conditions. For successful production year after year, the perennial fruit species must tolerate the local climate and soil conditions well. In an intensive orchard, the tree height is limited; however, their production and yield is much higher compared with traditional orchards. During the orchard maintenance period, some dedicated activities (e.g., irrigation, cover, special support system, special spraying technology, and planting local bred rootstocks/varieties) can be made to increase the “well-being” of the fruit trees, grafted on a rootstock or planted on their own roots, in order to increase their production, yield, and fruit/nut quality.

Another important issue is that intensive orchards are particularly labour intensive. However, manpower is limited today, so during the maintenance activities of an orchard, one must also take into consideration this phenomenon. Modern techniques (mechanical/chemical fruit thinning and the usage of drones) can help growers decrease labour costs during production.

This Special Issue invites breeders, climatologists, biologists, chemists, and scientists dealing with the evaluation of orchard systems and varieties ex situ, which are necessary for successful fruit growing, to publish their original research papers, perspectives, opinions, reviews, modelling approaches, and methods about their genetic and phenotypical studies, effects of the environment and climate on the yield and fruit/nut quality, chemical compounds, and adaptation strategies of the edible fruit species.

Dr. Géza Bujdosó
Dr. Klara Cseke
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • sustainability
  • fruit species
  • climate change
  • orchard systems
  • rootstock-scion interactions
  • core collection
  • horticulture
  • green solutions
  • smart solutions

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Seed-Propagated Summer Apples: Great Morphological and Biochemical Diversity
Sustainability 2021, 13(15), 8359; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/su13158359 - 27 Jul 2021
Viewed by 351
Abstract
The northeastern Anatolia region of Turkey is one of the richest plant biodiversity areas in Turkey. This study describes some important tree and fruit characteristics of 20 seed-propagated summer apple genotypes from northeastern Anatolia using morphological and biochemical markers. The genotypes were evaluated [...] Read more.
The northeastern Anatolia region of Turkey is one of the richest plant biodiversity areas in Turkey. This study describes some important tree and fruit characteristics of 20 seed-propagated summer apple genotypes from northeastern Anatolia using morphological and biochemical markers. The genotypes were evaluated morphologically for tree growth habit, ripening date, fruit weight, fruit firmness, fruit shape, fruit color, fruit taste, juiciness and aroma. The biochemical characteristics measured were organic acids, SSC (soluble solid content), titratable acidity, vitamin C, total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity. We found significant differences for most of the morphological and biochemical characteristics. The genotypes exhibited quite diverse harvest dates ranging from 4 July to 16 August. Summer apple genotypes had fruit weight between 101.9 g and 133.5 g. The genotypes had diverse fruit shapes, including round, conic and oblate, and over fruit colours such as pink, red, yellow and green. Genotypes GUM7 and GUM13 stood out for fruit weight, SSC, total phenolic and antioxidant capacity. GUM7 and GUM13 present dissimilarity from the other genotypes. While the first showed a lower average fruit weight, SSC, total phenolic content and antioxidant capacity, the second revealed higher average of fruit weight, total phenolic content, antioxidant capacity and higher SSC. Due to their favorable characteristics, GUM13 can be used for further crosses with genotypes of other groups, which also present favorable characteristics. Full article
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