Next Article in Journal
Current Issues within the Perinatal Mental Health Care System in Aichi Prefecture, Japan: A Cross-Sectional Questionnaire Survey
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of 16 Weeks of Taekwondo Training on the Cerebral Blood Flow Velocity, Circulating Neurotransmitters, and Subjective Well-Being of Obese Postmenopausal Women
Previous Article in Journal
Impact of COVID-19 on Czech Dentistry: A Nationwide Cross-Sectional Preliminary Study among Dentists in the Czech Republic
Previous Article in Special Issue
The Effects of the Pilates Method on Pelvic Floor Injuries during Pregnancy and Childbirth: A Quasi-Experimental Study
Article

Can Exercise Help Regulate Blood Pressure and Improve Functional Capacity of Older Women with Hypertension against the Deleterious Effects of Physical Inactivity?

1
Sciences and Technology Department, Superior School of Education of Polytechnic Institute of Setubal, 2910-761 Setúbal, Portugal
2
Life Quality Research Centre, 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
3
Post Graduate Program in Physical Education, Federal University of Juiz de For a, Juiz de Fora 36036-900, Brazil
4
Graduate Program in Physical Education—Sudamerica Faculty, Cataguases 36774-552, Brazil
5
Sports Science School of Rio Maior, Polytechnic Institute of Santarém, 2040-413 Rio Maior, Portugal
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Anna Polak, Bogdan Bacik and Agnieszka Nawrat-Szoltysik
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(17), 9117; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18179117
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 26 August 2021 / Accepted: 27 August 2021 / Published: 29 August 2021
Background: Sedentarism and inactivity are risk factors for the development of hypertension. Thus, the prevention of the natural process of biological and physiological aging of older women through physical exercise results in higher benefits in preventing cardiovascular diseases and can be a key factor for its treatment. Multicomponent exercise (METP) is a training method that may help older women with hypertension by improving their quality of life and their response to treatment. Methods: Twenty-eight older Caucasian women with hypertension (66.7 ± 5.3 years, 1.59 ± 0.11 m) performed a supervised METP program of nine months followed by three months of detraining (DT), and seventeen older women (68.2 ± 4.7 years, 1.57 ± 0.16 cm) with hypertension maintained their daily routine, without exercise. Blood pressure (BP), resting heart rate, and functional capacity (FC) were evaluated at the beginning and at the end of the program, and after three months of DT. Results: The ME program improved (p < 0.05) systolic BP (−5.37%), diastolic BP (−5.67%), resting heart rate (−7.8%), agility (9.8%), lower body strength (27.8%), upper body strength (10.0%), and cardiorespiratory capacity (8.6%). BP and FC deteriorated after the DT period (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Nine months of multicomponent exercise were sufficient to improve functional capacity and promote benefits in blood pressure, although was not sufficient to allow BP to reach the normal values of older women. The three month DT period without exercise caused the reversal of BP improvements but maintained the functional capacity of older women. View Full-Text
Keywords: older women; multicomponent exercise program; detraining; hypertension older women; multicomponent exercise program; detraining; hypertension
MDPI and ACS Style

Leitão, L.; Marocolo, M.; Souza, H.L.R.d.; Arriel, R.A.; Vieira, J.G.; Mazini, M.; Louro, H.; Pereira, A. Can Exercise Help Regulate Blood Pressure and Improve Functional Capacity of Older Women with Hypertension against the Deleterious Effects of Physical Inactivity? Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 9117. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18179117

AMA Style

Leitão L, Marocolo M, Souza HLRd, Arriel RA, Vieira JG, Mazini M, Louro H, Pereira A. Can Exercise Help Regulate Blood Pressure and Improve Functional Capacity of Older Women with Hypertension against the Deleterious Effects of Physical Inactivity? International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(17):9117. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18179117

Chicago/Turabian Style

Leitão, Luis, Moacir Marocolo, Hiago L.R.d. Souza, Rhai A. Arriel, João G. Vieira, Mauro Mazini, Hugo Louro, and Ana Pereira. 2021. "Can Exercise Help Regulate Blood Pressure and Improve Functional Capacity of Older Women with Hypertension against the Deleterious Effects of Physical Inactivity?" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 17: 9117. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18179117

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop