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Article

Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production and Potential Adaptive Measures in the Olifants Catchment, South Africa

Department of Geography, Geo-informatics and Meteorology, University of Pretoria, Private Bag x 20, Hatfield 0028, South Africa
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Received: 20 October 2020 / Revised: 23 November 2020 / Accepted: 28 December 2020 / Published: 31 December 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change and Food Insecurity)
Climate change is expected to substantially reduce future crop yields in South Africa, thus affecting food security and livelihood. Adaptation strategies need to be implemented to mitigate the effect of climate change-induced yield losses. In this paper, we used the WEAP-MABIA model, driven by six CORDEX climate change data for representative concentration pathways (RCPs) 4.5 and 8.5, to quantify the effect of climate change on several key crops, namely maize, soya beans, dry beans, and sunflower, in the Olifants catchment. The study further investigated climate change adaptation such as the effects of changing planting dates with the application of full irrigation, rainwater harvesting, deficit irrigation method, and the application of efficient irrigation devices on reducing the impact of climate change on crop production. The results show that average monthly temperature is expected to increase by 1 °C to 5 °C while a reduction in precipitation ranging between 2.5% to 58.7% is projected for both RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5 relative to the baseline climate for 1976–2005, respectively. The results also reveal that increased temperature and decreased precipitation during planting seasons are expected to increase crop water requirements. A steady decline in crop yield ranging between 19–65%, 11–38%, 16–42%, and 5–30% for maize, soya beans, dry beans, and sunflower, respectively, is also projected under both RCPs climate change scenarios. The study concludes that adaptation measures such as the integration of changing planting dates with full irrigation application and the use of rainwater harvest will help improve current and future crop production under the impact of climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; crop yield; adaptation strategies; water requirement; WEAP-MABIA model climate change; crop yield; adaptation strategies; water requirement; WEAP-MABIA model
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MDPI and ACS Style

Olabanji, M.F.; Ndarana, T.; Davis, N. Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production and Potential Adaptive Measures in the Olifants Catchment, South Africa. Climate 2021, 9, 6. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cli9010006

AMA Style

Olabanji MF, Ndarana T, Davis N. Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production and Potential Adaptive Measures in the Olifants Catchment, South Africa. Climate. 2021; 9(1):6. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cli9010006

Chicago/Turabian Style

Olabanji, Mary F., Thando Ndarana, and Nerhene Davis. 2021. "Impact of Climate Change on Crop Production and Potential Adaptive Measures in the Olifants Catchment, South Africa" Climate 9, no. 1: 6. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/cli9010006

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