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Article

Using Video Replay of Simulated Driving to Estimate Driving Safety and Cognitive Status

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School of Psychology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1N 6N5, Canada
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Faculty of Human Sciences, Saint Paul University, Ottawa, ON K1S 1C4, Canada
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Bruyère Research Institute, Ottawa, ON K1R 6M1, Canada
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Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON K1H 8M5, Canada
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Programme Mémoire Bruyère Memory Program, Soins Continus Bruyère Continuing Care, Ottawa, ON K1N5C8, Canada
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Garrett Mattos and Martin Lavallière
Received: 12 January 2021 / Revised: 12 May 2021 / Accepted: 14 May 2021 / Published: 4 June 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Driving Simulator)
Cognitive decline resulting from Dementia of Alzheimer’s Type (DAT) can lead to reduced ability to perform complex daily tasks required for independent living, including driving an automobile. This study explores the ability of untrained observers to classify driving safety using short video clips of simulated driving through intersections; it also examined whether untrained observers could predict whether the driver was cognitively healthy or cognitively impaired. Participants (n = 54) were shown a series of 30 video clips arranged in an online survey and asked to answer questions following each clip regarding the safety of the maneuver and the cognitive status of the driver. Results showed that participants’ subjectively rated DAT drivers as significantly less safe in comparison to control drivers, F (1, 52) = 228.44, p < 0.001. Participant’s classification of DAT drivers and controls was also significantly higher than chance (i.e., >50% correct). Findings provide preliminary support for the development of a clinical decision-making aid using video replay of driving simulator performance in fitness-to-drive assessments for individuals with cognitive impairment. View Full-Text
Keywords: cognitive impairment; Dementia of Alzheimer’s Type; driving simulator; assessment; clinical decision-making aid cognitive impairment; Dementia of Alzheimer’s Type; driving simulator; assessment; clinical decision-making aid
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MDPI and ACS Style

Armstrong, M.A.; Mercier, O.; Stinchcombe, A.; Yamin, S.; Knoefel, F.; Gagnon, S. Using Video Replay of Simulated Driving to Estimate Driving Safety and Cognitive Status. Safety 2021, 7, 45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020045

AMA Style

Armstrong MA, Mercier O, Stinchcombe A, Yamin S, Knoefel F, Gagnon S. Using Video Replay of Simulated Driving to Estimate Driving Safety and Cognitive Status. Safety. 2021; 7(2):45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020045

Chicago/Turabian Style

Armstrong, Michael A., Olivier Mercier, Arne Stinchcombe, Stephanie Yamin, Frank Knoefel, and Sylvain Gagnon. 2021. "Using Video Replay of Simulated Driving to Estimate Driving Safety and Cognitive Status" Safety 7, no. 2: 45. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/safety7020045

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