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Article

The Influence of Occupational Categories on Overall and Domain-Specific Physical Activity and the Association with Chronic Diseases. An Analysis Using the Austrian Health Interview Survey

1
Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, Center for Public Health, Medical University of Vienna, 1090 Vienna, Austria
2
Social Insurance Fund for Public Service, Railway and Mining Industries, 1080 Vienna, Austria
3
Karl-Landsteiner Institute for Health Promotion Research, 3454 Sitzenberg-Reidling, Austria
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Paul B. Tchounwou
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18(4), 2148; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042148
Received: 11 January 2021 / Revised: 15 February 2021 / Accepted: 16 February 2021 / Published: 22 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Exercise and Chronic Diseases Prevention)
Background: The performance of physical activity (PA) in different domains varies between different occupational groups and they contribute differently to the prevention and management of chronic diseases. This study aimed to give a fuller picture of the potential influence occupational categories have on the different domains of PA among the Austrian population of working age. Methods: A total of 8251 gainfully employed persons in 9 major and 39 sub-major occupational groups from the Austrian Health Interview Survey 2014 were analyzed. PA was measured with the Physical Activity Questionnaire of the European Health Interview Survey (EHIS-PAQ) and the prevalence of 17 chronic diseases was obtained. Results: A total of 48.2% were mostly active when working, 18.4% reported transport-related PA in the upper quintile, 50.4% performed at least 150 min per week of moderate PA or cycling, 32.7% performed muscle-strengthening PA at least twice a week, and 76.3% were either mostly physically active when working or complied with the aerobic PA guidelines. As a general rule, people in physically active occupational groups tended to perform less PA in their leisure time and vice versa. Occupational groups with especially low amount of PA were Information Technology workers, directors, and secretarial staff. People with a chronic disease tended to perform less PA, but there was an interaction between occupation and chronic disease on PA. Conclusions: Domain-specific programs to promote PA should be developed for various occupational categories. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical exercise; physical training; exercise domains; gainful employment; profession; chronic diseases; EHIS-PAQ; interview survey physical exercise; physical training; exercise domains; gainful employment; profession; chronic diseases; EHIS-PAQ; interview survey
MDPI and ACS Style

Dorner, T.E.; Lackinger, C.; Haider, S.; Grabovac, I.; Stein, K.V. The Influence of Occupational Categories on Overall and Domain-Specific Physical Activity and the Association with Chronic Diseases. An Analysis Using the Austrian Health Interview Survey. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2021, 18, 2148. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042148

AMA Style

Dorner TE, Lackinger C, Haider S, Grabovac I, Stein KV. The Influence of Occupational Categories on Overall and Domain-Specific Physical Activity and the Association with Chronic Diseases. An Analysis Using the Austrian Health Interview Survey. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2021; 18(4):2148. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042148

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dorner, Thomas E., Christian Lackinger, Sandra Haider, Igor Grabovac, and Katharina V. Stein 2021. "The Influence of Occupational Categories on Overall and Domain-Specific Physical Activity and the Association with Chronic Diseases. An Analysis Using the Austrian Health Interview Survey" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 18, no. 4: 2148. https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/ijerph18042148

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