Special Issue "Sustainable Viticulture and Vineyard Management on Table Grape"

A special issue of Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395). This special issue belongs to the section "Horticultural and Floricultural Crops".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 May 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Vittorino Novello
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Guest Editor
Department of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences, University of Turin, Largo P. Braccini 2, I-10095 Grugliasco (TO), Italy
Interests: grapevine sustainability; viticultural techniques; grapevine ecophysiology applied to vineyard management; vineyard water use; plastic covering techniques for viticulture
Prof. Laura de Palma
E-Mail
Guest Editor
Department Science of Agriculture, Food and Environment, University of Foggia, Via Napoli, 25 I-71122 Foggia, Italy
Interests: agro-technical innovations; precision viticulture; leaf gas exchange and plant water status; canopy microclimate and fruit quality; table grape protected cultivation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Attention to sustainability, with its environmental, economic and social aspects which are largely interconnected, is currently mandatory for viticulture. Table grape production takes place through a very intensive process that is largely dependent on high use of natural resources such as solar radiation, water and soil, as well as of external inputs such as chemicals, manual work, equipment and energy. In this production systems, all strategies and techniques for optimizing and/or reducing the use of natural resources and inputs (especially contaminants and pollutants) play a crucial role in the context of sustainability. Presently, precision farming technologies may offer a special contribution to the rationalization of input deliveries and the monitoring of results, therefore, their larger adoption is desirable to increase the chances of practicing a more sustainable table grape viticulture.

You are invited to share, in this special issue, the most significant results of the research conducted on these topics in grapevine-growing regions around the world.

Prof. Vittorino Novello
Prof. Laura de Palma
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agronomy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Vitis vinifera L.
  • environment
  • natural resources
  • cultural techniques
  • input reduction
  • precision viticulture
  • non-conventional farming systems
  • economic and/or social issues

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
The Cultivation Techniques and Quality Characteristics of a New Germplasm of Vitis adenoclada Hand.-Mazz Grape
Agronomy 2020, 10(12), 1851; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agronomy10121851 - 25 Nov 2020
Viewed by 716
Abstract
Vitis adenoclada Hand.-Mazz is a special wild grape resource that is often confused with Vitis heyneana Roem. & Schult in research or production practice, and there are few comprehensive studies on this species in recent years. “Gui Heizhenzhu No. 3” (GH3), as a [...] Read more.
Vitis adenoclada Hand.-Mazz is a special wild grape resource that is often confused with Vitis heyneana Roem. & Schult in research or production practice, and there are few comprehensive studies on this species in recent years. “Gui Heizhenzhu No. 3” (GH3), as a new germplasm of V. adenoclada found in Guangxi, China, has many advantages, such as good quality and strong adaptability. In this paper, an attempt was made to introduce the breeding process of GH3, including a brief description of its botanical characteristics and its cultivation and management techniques in karst rocky desertification mountains. Meanwhile, its quality-related parameters were evaluated by widely targeted metabolomic analysis. This study indicated that GH3 had the typical botanical characteristics of V. adenoclada, but with larger fruit and a higher sugar content compared to wild or other V. adenoclada grape varieties. Metabolomic study of the target variety showed that glucose and citric acid were the main sugar and acid components in fully ripened berries. Moreover, cyanidin-3-O-glucoside presented as the characteristic anthocyanin. In addition, B-ring dihydroxylation was more active than trihydroxylation in the GH3 berry. Several of its botanical and quality characteristics highlight the unique genetic background of this variety. Thus, it has an important guiding significance and a scientific theoretical basis for identifying, exploiting, and utilizing East Asian wild grape resources. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Viticulture and Vineyard Management on Table Grape)
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Article
Dependence of Fresh Grapes and Wine Taste Scores on the Origin of Varieties and Weather Conditions of the Harvest Year in the Northern Zone of Industrial Viticulture in Russia
Agronomy 2020, 10(10), 1613; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agronomy10101613 - 21 Oct 2020
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 720
Abstract
Climate change affects all characteristics of grapes, including the taste of fresh berries and wine. The purpose of this study was to reveal the dependence of fresh grapes taste scores (GS) and wine taste scores (WS) on the origin of the varieties and [...] Read more.
Climate change affects all characteristics of grapes, including the taste of fresh berries and wine. The purpose of this study was to reveal the dependence of fresh grapes taste scores (GS) and wine taste scores (WS) on the origin of the varieties and weather conditions of the harvest year in the northern zone of industrial viticulture in Russia. The material used in the study were taste scores of 232 grape varieties from the Don Ampelographic Collection (47°25′ N 40°03′ E) 1981–2019. The correlation analysis, ANOVA, and regression were used. It was shown that GS negatively correlated with productivity, and WS with the berry mass of variety. In recent decades, GS have increased in groups of varieties of various interspecies origin, and WS have not changed. Regression models revealed that the reason for GS improvement was in the growth of average temperature above 15 °C, while WS varied depending on the sum of precipitation for the period with temperatures above 20 °C, which did not have a reliable trend. Together with data on the growth of grape yield and sugar content, the results indicate that observed climate warming is favorable for grapevine cultivation in the northern zone of industrial viticulture in Russia. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Viticulture and Vineyard Management on Table Grape)
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Article
1-Methylcyclopropene on Fruit Quality of Se-Enriched Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) during Shelf Life Period
Agronomy 2020, 10(9), 1411; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agronomy10091411 - 17 Sep 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 790
Abstract
Selenium (Se) deficiency in humans could be improved by biofortification of food with selenium, 1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment is beneficial for the non-sulfur storage of fresh fruit. This study investigated fruit quality of table grape (Hutai No.8) with foliar Se fertilizer at maturity, and [...] Read more.
Selenium (Se) deficiency in humans could be improved by biofortification of food with selenium, 1-Methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment is beneficial for the non-sulfur storage of fresh fruit. This study investigated fruit quality of table grape (Hutai No.8) with foliar Se fertilizer at maturity, and fruit quality changes of table grape during shelf life stages that caused by postharvest 1-MCP treatment in 2016 and 2017. The results showed that foliar Se fertilizer application significantly increased Se content in grape berries at maturity, and the raised rate were 43.09% and 33.24% compared to that of control in 2016 and 2017 respectively, meanwhile it increased the nutritional components in grape berries, including soluble proteins, soluble sugars, Vitamin C, total soluble solids, proanthocyanidin content and so on, and decreased the titratable acidity content. During shelf life stages, 1-MCP application decreased the decay number of grapes, and SE + 1-MCP treatment had the most excellent fruit quality among all treatments in two consecutive vintages. In conclusion, Se fertilizer application could increase Se content in grape berries, also improved the fruit nutritional and health care values at maturity. 1-MCP application could delay the process of ripening and senescence for Se-enriched grape and maintaining the postharvest quality of table grape during shelf life stages, it allows us to market the fruit at a more advanced ripening stage without quality loss. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Viticulture and Vineyard Management on Table Grape)
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Article
Quality of Grapes Grown Inside Paper Bags in Mediterranean Area
Agronomy 2020, 10(6), 792; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/agronomy10060792 - 02 Jun 2020
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 841
Abstract
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of paper bagging of grape bunches on the morphological, mechanical, and chemical characteristics of berries of three table grapes varieties as an environmentally-friendly technique for protecting clusters from biotic and abiotic agents. Clusters [...] Read more.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of paper bagging of grape bunches on the morphological, mechanical, and chemical characteristics of berries of three table grapes varieties as an environmentally-friendly technique for protecting clusters from biotic and abiotic agents. Clusters of Italia, Autumn Royal, and Regal Seedless grape cultivars were bagged and compared to a not-bagged control. Air temperature inside and outside the bags was monitored. Bunch weight and length, number of berries per bunch, berry longitudinal and transversal diameter, berry mass, number of seeds per berry (normal in size and aborted), soluble solid content, titratable acidity, and skin color by CIEL*a*b* parameters were determined on four points of each berry. Berries were evaluated using texture analysis, and the main texture profile analysis parameters were compared. The air temperatures around not-bagged clusters were slightly higher than inside the bags. In all the cultivars under evaluation, bagged bunches were heavier compared with not-bagged ones. In Autumn Royal and Regal Seedless, these differences were mainly owing to the higher number of berries and higher berry weight of the bagged bunches. Regarding mechanical properties, in seedless varieties, the bagging treatment increased berry hardness (related to the berry firmness) and decreased berry cohesiveness and resilience, whereas an opposite behavior was found in cv. Italia. Berry skin break force was lower in the bagging treatment in all the analyzed varieties, indicating a softer and easier-to-chew berry skin. The findings demonstrate that the bagging technique affected the three variety parameters to different extents. The main differences were found in the seedless varieties in terms of berry size and bunch characteristics. For all varieties, bagged bunches achieved the quality level required by the market, confirming the suitability of this technique. However, the bag industry is proposing many different bag types (differing in material, shape, color, and closing system); therefore, further studies are needed to obtain more complete and exhaustive technical information. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable Viticulture and Vineyard Management on Table Grape)
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