Special Issue "The Role of Nutrition before, during and after COVID-19: Assessment, Management and Possible Interventions"

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Clinical Nutrition".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 25 April 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Andrea P. Rossi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Medicine, Section of Geriatrics, Healthy Aging Center, University of Verona, Verona, Italy
Interests: body composition, sarcopenia, malnutrition, ectopic fat deposition
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Marwan El Ghoch
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Health Sciences, Beirut Arab University, P.O. Box 11-5020 Riad El Solh, Beirut 11072809, Lebanon
Interests: clinical nutrition; obesity; sarcopenic obesity; type 2 diabetes; eating disorders; weight-related diseases; body composition; weight cycling; physical activity; energy expenditure
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In the first epidemiological studies on COVID-19, obesity was identified as a major risk factor for poor prognosis, with an increased risk of intensive care admissions and mechanical ventilation, but also of adverse cardiovascular events.

Additionally, body fat distribution and visceral adipose tissue, in particular, could predict intensive care admission and unfavorable health outcomes.

There is limited knowledge regarding the best nutritional approach to prevent SARS-COV2 infection to support patients during their hospital stay and to amend established protocols for severely ill post-COVID rehabilitation. However, nutritional therapy could be one of the first-line treatments and knowledge of this area should be implemented in different settings.

A well-balanced diet including optimal intake of all macro and micronutrients plays a crucial role in immune system modulation in order to prevent SARS-COV2 infection. 

Critically ill patients with COVID-19 are at high nutritional risk due to the critical illness itself, its medical management, and protein catabolism characterized by hyper metabolism. 

Few guidelines are available in the case of critically ill patients for their nutritional management, but evidence regarding both in- and outpatient management and controlled clinical trials are still lacking.

This collection aims to explore the relationship between nutrition, body composition, the immune system, and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).

Prof. Dr. Andrea Rossi
Prof. Dr. Marwan El Ghoch
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nutrients is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Article
Effect of Whey Proteins on Malnutrition and Extubating Time of Critically Ill COVID-19 Patients
Nutrients 2022, 14(3), 437; https://0-doi-org.brum.beds.ac.uk/10.3390/nu14030437 - 19 Jan 2022
Viewed by 214
Abstract
The novel SARS-CoV-2 virus has led to a severe pandemic, starting from early 2020. Intensive care (ICU) management of the COVID-19 disease is difficult with high morbidity and mortality. Early nutritional support, especially with whey protein, seems to be crucial in this medical [...] Read more.
The novel SARS-CoV-2 virus has led to a severe pandemic, starting from early 2020. Intensive care (ICU) management of the COVID-19 disease is difficult with high morbidity and mortality. Early nutritional support, especially with whey protein, seems to be crucial in this medical case. Thus, we aimed to assess the effects of an adequate nutritional protocol rich in whey protein on nutritional and inflammatory status, extubating time, and mortality of critically ill COVID-19 patients (CICP). Methods: A prospective single-center exploratory observational study was undertaken on 32 consecutive CICP admitted to the ICU of Santa Maria Hospital, Terni, Italy, and treated with whey protein-enriched formula. Patients’ demographics, nutritional status, indexes of inflammation, daily pre-albumin serum levels, duration of mechanical ventilation, and mortality were recorded. Results: Thirty-two patients were enrolled. Ninety-five percent of them showed a gradual reduction in C-reactive protein (CRP) values and increase in pre-albumin levels after the whey protein-enriched formula. Prealbumin levels were not correlated with a better nutritional status but with a shorter extubating time and better survival. Conclusions: An adequate administration of whey protein during COVID-19 patients’ ICU stays can provide fast achievement of protein targets, reducing the duration of mechanical ventilation, and improving inflammatory status and ICU survival. Further prospective and large-scale, controlled studies are needed to confirm these results. Full article
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